William J. Rowe M.D. FBIS (Fellow British Interplanetary Society), FACN (Fellow American College of Nutrition, Retired Fellow Royal Society of Medicine), is a board certified specialist in Internal Medicine. He received his M.D. at the University of Cincinnati and was in private practice in Toledo, Ohio for 34 years. During that time he supervised over 5000 symptom – limited maximum hospital-based treadmill stress tests. He is a former Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine at the University of Ohio, School of Medicine at Toledo. He studied 3 world class extraordinary endurance athletes and published their exercise-related magnesium deficiencies. This triggered a 20 year pursuit of the cardiovascular complications of Space flight. He has published in LANCET that extraordinary, unremitting endurance exercise can injure a perfectly normal heart. Of only 4 space syndromes, he has published 2: “The Apollo 15 Space Syndrome” and “Neil Armstrong Syndrome.” He published Neil Armstrong’s probable lunar acute heart failure; indeed, he was the first to show that adrenaline levels are elevated in Space. He is the first to publish that airborne IRON dust released from brakes is conducive to hypertension. He has been listed in the Marquis Who’s Who of the World from 2002-2009, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, and 2018.